Article-based thesesThe thesis is normally submitted in the form of a number of articles that are linked together to form a whole (superstructure or extended abstract), with an introduction to the work and a summary of the main findings and conclusions. The superstructure must also incorporate the questions and conclusions presented in the individual works into an overall perspective, thereby documenting the coherence of the thesis.
If a written work is the product of a collaborative effort with other authors, the PhD candidate must adhere to the norms for co-authorship that are generally accepted in the academic community and UiO’s guidelines for co-authorship. Theses that include works by several authors must be accompanied by a signed declaration describing the candidate and the co-authors of each work.
When using published works, these cannot be accepted as part of a doctoral thesis if they were published more than five years before the candidate's admission date. MonographIf a thesis that takes the form of a monograph is based on underlying publications with several co-authors, the thesis must be submitted with co-author declarations for all relevant publications.
Co-author declarationTheses that include works by several authors must be accompanied by a signed declaration describing the candidate and the co-authors of each work. If an article has previously been used in a thesis or is planned for use in a future thesis, the degree of input by the different PhD candidates must be clarified.
Contributions from Master’s degree candidates must be described. LanguagePublicizing the thesisThe thesis must be made publicly available no later than two weeks before the date of the public defence.