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How can you make your academic covering letter stand out? Photograph: Martin Godwin The classic counterpart to a CV, cover letters are standard in almost all job applications.Academic cover letters are typically allowed to be longer than in other sectors, but this latitude comes with its own pitfalls.

For one, many cover letters are written as if they were simply a retelling in full sentences of everything on the CV Need to purchase an it management term paper originality British 148 pages / 40700 words A4 (British/European) MLA.For one, many cover letters are written as if they were simply a retelling in full sentences of everything on the CV.

Selectors will have skimmed through your CV already, and they don't want to re-read it in prose form.Instead, approach your cover letter as a short essay How to Write a Cover Letter for Academic Jobs Jobs ac uk.Instead, approach your cover letter as a short essay.It needs to present a coherent, evidence-based response to one question above all: why would you be an excellent hire for this position? 1) Start with a clear identity Consider this sentence: "My research interests include Thomas Mann, German modernist literature, the body, the senses, Freudian psychoanalysis, queer theory and performativity, poststructuralism, and Derridean deconstruction How to Write a Cover Letter for Academic Jobs Jobs ac uk.

It needs to present a coherent, evidence-based response to one question above all: why would you be an excellent hire for this position? 1) Start with a clear identity Consider this sentence: "My research interests include Thomas Mann, German modernist literature, the body, the senses, Freudian psychoanalysis, queer theory and performativity, poststructuralism, and Derridean deconstruction.

" In my experience, this type of sentence is all too common.Who is this person? What do they really do? If I'm asking myself these questions after more than a few lines of your cover letter, then you've already fallen into the trap of being beige and forgettable.To get shortlisted, you need to stand out.Your opening paragraph should answer the following questions: What is your current job and affiliation? What's your research field, and what's your main contribution to it? What makes you most suitable for this post? 2) Evidence, evidence, evidence It's generally accepted that, in job applications, we need to 'sell' ourselves, but how to do this can be a source of real anxiety.

Where's the line between assertiveness, modesty and arrogance? The best way to guard against self-aggrandisement or self-abnegation is to focus on evidence.For example, "I am internationally recognised as an expert in my field" is arrogant, because you are making a bold claim and asking me to trust your account of yourself.By contrast, "I was invited to deliver a keynote talk at top international conference " is tangible and verifiable.If you can produce facts and figures to strengthen your evidence, then your letter will have even more impact, for example "I created three protocols which improved reliability by N%.These protocols are now embedded in my group's experiments and are also being used by ABC".

Remember that your readers need you to be distinctive and memorable.Never cite the job description back at the selectors.If they have asked for excellent communication skills, you're going to need to do better than merely including the sentence "I have excellent communication skills." What is your evidence for this claim? 3) It's not an encyclopaedia Because everything you say must be supported with evidence, you can't include everything.I find that many people are prone to an encyclopaedic fervour in their cover letters: they slavishly address each line of the job description, mention every single side project which they have on the go, every book chapter and review article they've ever written, and so on.

Letters like this just end up being plaintive, excessively tedious, and ineffective.Instead, show that you can distinguish your key achievements (eg.top publications, grants won, invited talks) from the purely nice-to-have stuff (eg.seminar series organised, review articles, edited collections).Put your highlights and best evidence in the letter – leave the rest to the CV.

4) Think holistically There's no need to try to make each application document do all the work for you.If there's a research proposal, why agonise over a lengthy paraphrase of the proposal in the cover letter? If there's a teaching statement, why write three more teaching paragraphs in your letter as well? Give me a quick snapshot and signpost where the rest of the information can be found, for example: "My next project will achieve X by doing Y.Further details, including funding and publication plans related to the project, are included in my research proposal.

" 5) Two sides are more than enough There is no reason why your cover letter should need to go beyond two sides.In fact, I've seen plenty of people get shortlisted for fellowships and lectureships using a cover letter that fitted on to a single side of A4.It can be done – without shrinking the font and reducing the margins, neither of which, I'm sorry to break it to you, is an acceptable ruse.Besides, please have some sympathy for your readers: they have jobs to do and lives to lead; they will appreciate pith.6) Writing about your research: why, not what In almost every conceivable kind of academic application, fellowships included, it's very high risk to write about your research in such a way that it can only be understood by an expert in your field.

It's far safer to pitch your letter so that it's comprehensible to a broader readership.You need to show a draft of your letter to at least one person who, as a minimum requirement, is outside your immediate group or department.Do they understand your research? Crucially, do they understand its significance? Before the selectors can care about the details of what you do, you have to hook their interest with why you do it.Bad: "I work on the lived experiences of LGB people in contemporary Britain why? .I look particularly at secondary school children why? , and I use mixed methods to describe their experiences of homophobic bullying vague .

My PhD is the first full-length study of this topic so what? ." Better: "In recent years, significant progress has been made towards equality for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people living in Britain.However, young people aged 11-19 who self-identify as LGB are more likely to experience verbal and physical bullying, and they are at significantly greater risk of self-harm and suicide.In my dissertation, I conduct an ethnographic study of a large metropolitan secondary school, in order to identify the factors which lead to homophobic bullying, as well as policies and initiatives which LGB young people find effective in dealing with it." 7) Mind the gap Be aware that "nobody has studied this topic before" is a very weak justification for a project.

Nature may abhor a vacuum, but academia does not.Does it even matter that no previous scholarship exists on this precise topic? Perhaps it never merited all that money and time.What are we unable to do because of this gap? What have we been getting wrong until now? What will we be able to do differently once your project has filled this void? 8) Writing about teaching: avoid list-making Avoid the temptation of list-making here, too.You don't need to itemise each course you have taught, because I've already read this on your CV, and there's no need to detail every module you would teach at the new department.Similarly, you don't need to quote extensively from student feedback in order to show that you're a great teacher; this smacks of desperation.

A few examples of relevant teaching and the names of some courses you would be prepared to teach will suffice.

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You should also give me an insight into your philosophy of teaching.What do students get out of your courses? What strategies do you use in your teaching, and why are they effective? 9) Be specific about the department When explaining why you want to join the department, look out for well-intentioned but empty statements which could apply to pretty much any higher education institution in the world.For example, "I would be delighted to join the department of X, with its world-leading research and teaching, and I see this as the perfect place to develop my career Springer Shop · About us · Authors · Book authors & editors · Manuscript guidelines   Set up your own free Author Affiliate account today and start collecting a lucrative commission with every new order!   transformation of your manuscript into the final layout and various electronic formats (e.g., HTML for online publication,  .For example, "I would be delighted to join the department of X, with its world-leading research and teaching, and I see this as the perfect place to develop my career.

Deploy your research skills, use the internet judiciously, and identify some specifics.Are there initiatives in the department to which you could contribute, e 28 Nov 2013 - Don't simply retell the story on your CV, says Steve Joy – here's how to get noticed and say why you deserve the job..Are there initiatives in the department to which you could contribute, e.research clusters, seminar series, outreach events? What about potential collaborators (remembering to say what's in it for them)? What about interdisciplinary links to other departments in the institution? 10) Be yourself It often feels like slim pickings when you're job hunting, and many people feel compelled to apply for pretty much any role which comes up in their area, even if it's not a great fit 28 Nov 2013 - Don't simply retell the story on your CV, says Steve Joy – here's how to get noticed and say why you deserve the job..

research clusters, seminar series, outreach events? What about potential collaborators (remembering to say what's in it for them)? What about interdisciplinary links to other departments in the institution? 10) Be yourself It often feels like slim pickings when you're job hunting, and many people feel compelled to apply for pretty much any role which comes up in their area, even if it's not a great fit.

But you still need to make the most of who you are, rather than refashioning yourself into an approximation of what you think the selectors want.

If you have a strong track record in quantitative research and you've spotted a job in a department leaning more towards qualitative methods, you might still decide to apply, but there's no point in trying to sell yourself as what you're not.They'll see through it, and you'll have downplayed your genuine successes for no reason.Instead, make a case for why your achievements should be of interest to the department, for example by demonstrating how statistics would complement their qualitative work.At the end of the day, the best way to get shortlisted is to highlight bona fide achievements that are distinctive to you.Other assignments (which includes all other kinds of assignments) All of those – in over 50 subject areas.

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To find out more, please visit the Preparation section below.The International Journal of Project Management is devoted to the publication of papers which advance knowledge on practical and theoretical aspects of project organization.The list of classifications at the end of this guide indicates the scope of the journal.Papers are selected for publication based on their relevance, clarity, topicality, the extent to which they advance knowledge, and their contribution to inspiring further development and research.The journal strives to maintain a balance between papers derived from research and from practical experience.

Authors are encouraged to submit case studies describing the project environment; criteria and factors for success; responsibilities of participants; managerial arrangements; human factors; contract forms; planning and control systems; problem areas encountered and lessons learned.Submission checklist You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review.Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.Ensure that the following items are present: One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details: • E-mail address • All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet) • A competing interests statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare • Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed • Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements For further information, visit our Support Center.

Finally, you should be able to answer yes to the following questions: Have you told readers, at the outset, what they might gain by reading your paper? Have you made the aim of your work clear? Have you explained the significance of your contribution? Have you set your work in the appropriate context with sufficient background, and all relevant references? Have you addressed the question of practicality and usefulness? Have you identified future developments that may result from your work? Have you structured your paper in a clear and logical fashion? Ethics in publishing Declaration of interest All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work.Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding.Authors must disclose any interests in two places: 1.

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A summary declaration of interest statement in the title page file (if double-blind) or the manuscript file (if single-blind).If there are no interests to declare then please state this: 'Declarations of interest: none'.

This summary statement will be ultimately published if the article is accepted The power of the cover letter in making an effective job   In order to make an impact, and to prove that you can explain ideas fluently and clearly, the letter..This summary statement will be ultimately published if the article is accepted.

Detailed disclosures as part of a separate Declaration of Interest form, which forms part of the journal's official records.It is important for potential interests to be declared in both places and that the information matches.

Submission declaration and verification Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder Cover letters Prospects ac uk.Submission declaration and verification Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder.To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service Crossref Similarity Check.Changes to authorship Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission how to buy law essay US Letter Size Platinum 48 hours.Changes to authorship Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission.Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor.To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement.

In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted.While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended.If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.Copyright Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (see more information on this).

An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions.Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations.If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article.Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases.

For gold open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (more information).Permitted third party reuse of gold open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license.Author rights As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work.Elsevier supports responsible sharing Role of the funding source You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication.

If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.Funding body agreements and policies Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies.Some funding bodies will reimburse the author for the gold open access publication fee.Details of existing agreements are available online.The gold open access publication fee for this journal is USD 2000, excluding taxes.

Green open access Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available.We recommend authors see our green open access page for further information.Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period.This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications.

Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public.This is the embargo period and it begins from the date the article is formally published online in its final and fully citable form.This journal has an embargo period of 36 months.Language (usage and editing services) Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).

Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop.Informed consent and patient details Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper.Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals in an Elsevier publication.Written consents must be retained by the author but copies should not be provided to the journal.Only if specifically requested by the journal in exceptional circumstances (for example if a legal issue arises) the author must provide copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained.

For more information, please review the Elsevier Policy on the Use of Images or Personal Information of Patients or other Individuals.Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.Submission Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files.The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process., Word, LaTeX) are required to typeset your article for final publication.All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.Submission address Additional Information All papers submitted for publication will be refereed on the 'double-blind' system by two or more specialists selected from a panel of referees.

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This means the author and referees do not know each other, nor do the referees know other referees.

Thus it is important that authors' names should appear nowhere in the manuscript except on the cover page (which will be separated from the manuscript) and in references.When referring to their own work, authors should refer to themselves in the third person Get more information about 'International Journal of Project Management' Journal.   Submission of a paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not   Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted,   The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or  .When referring to their own work, authors should refer to themselves in the third person.

Any papers not adhering to this will be returned.Manuscripts should be 10,000 words long maximum, inclusive of figures and tables Get expert advice on how to write a cover letter to support your job   A cover letter is a document sent alongside your CV when applying for jobs.   cover letter of an international student applying for a job in the UK and apply these   the same font and size as you use in your CV and if you're sending it through   Contact us..Manuscripts should be 10,000 words long maximum, inclusive of figures and tables.Count each figure and table as 300 words.

As a guide that is 33 pages of manuscript double spaced, counting each figure or table as one page.Papers must be typewritten in a font size of 12 or 11 pt, double spaced with wide margins.Write in clear and concise English, using active rather than passive voice.Authors may refer to themselves in the first person, except when citing their own work.Spelling should follow the Oxford English Dictionary.

Authors should consult a recent issue of the journal for style if possible.The Editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards of uniformity.NEW SUBMISSIONS Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files.The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.As part of the Your Paper Your Way service, you may choose to submit your manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process.

This can be a PDF file or a Word document, in any format or lay-out that can be used by referees to evaluate your manuscript.It should contain high enough quality figures for refereeing.If you prefer to do so, you may still provide all or some of the source files at the initial submission.Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be uploaded separately.References There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission.

References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent.Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present.The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage.Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct.

Formatting requirements There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions.If your article includes any Videos and/or other Supplementary material, this should be included in your initial submission for peer review purposes.Divide the article into clearly defined sections.Double spacing text Figures and tables embedded in text Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom or the top of the file.The corresponding caption should be placed directly below the figure or table.

Peer review This journal operates a double blind review process.All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal.Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper.The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles.More information on types of peer review.Double-blind review This journal uses double-blind review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa.More information is available on our website.To facilitate this, please include the following separately: Title page (with author details): This should include the title, authors' names, affiliations, acknowledgements and any Declaration of Interest statement, and a complete address for the corresponding author including an e-mail address.Blinded manuscript (no author details): The main body of the paper (including the references, figures, tables and any acknowledgements) should not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names or affiliations.

REVISED SUBMISSIONS Use of word processing software Regardless of the file format of the original submission, at revision you must provide us with an editable file of the entire article.Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible.Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article.The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier).See also the section on Electronic artwork.

To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.Article structure Subdivision - numbered sections Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections.(the abstract is not included in section numbering).Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'.Any subsection may be given a brief heading.

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Each heading should appear on its own separate line.Introduction State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Results Discussion This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them How to write a personal statement for a UK university British Council.Results Discussion This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them.

A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate.Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.Conclusions The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.Essential title page information • Title linkgrove.info/paper/how-to-buy-an-internet-paper-academic-85-pages-23375-words-premium.

Essential title page information • Title.

Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems linkgrove.info/paper/how-to-buy-an-internet-paper-academic-85-pages-23375-words-premium.Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems.Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled.

You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration.Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names.Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address.Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication.This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials.Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name.

The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address.Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.Abstract Please supply an abstract of UP TO 150 words outlining the purpose, scope and conclusions of the paper, and at least two selected keywords.It is important that the abstract should be very clear and understandable to those whom English is not their native language.The abstract should explain why the paper is important to those who may not necessarily be in that particular field.

Graphical abstract Although a graphical abstract is optional, its use is encouraged as it draws more attention to the online article.The graphical abstract should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership.Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system.Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more.The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi.

Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files.You can view Example Graphical Abstracts on our information site.Authors can make use of Elsevier's Illustration Services to ensure the best presentation of their images and in accordance with all technical requirements.Highlights Highlights are mandatory for this journal.They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system.

Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point).You can view example Highlights on our information site.Formatting of funding sources List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements: Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health grant numbers xxxx, yyyy ; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA grant number zzzz ; and the United States Institutes of Peace grant number aaaa .It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards.

When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.

If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.Units You should use SI units, as defined by the ISO standard or your national authorized SI standard.Where SI units do not exist, use an internationally accepted unit.If you use any symbol or unit that may not be generally recognized, please put an explanatory note in the margin the first time it is used, to help the referees and editors.Footnotes Footnotes should be used sparingly.

Number them consecutively throughout the article.Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used.Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article.Electronic artwork • Preferred fonts: Arial (or Helvetica), Times New Roman (or Times), Symbol, Courier.• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.

• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.

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• Indicate per figure if it is a single, 1.• For Word submissions only, you may still provide figures and their captions, and tables within a single file at the revision stage.• Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be provided in separate source files Order a term paper it management professional Standard American A4 (British/European) Proofreading.

• Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be provided in separate source files.

You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.Formats Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below): EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in North America, where Letter paper   BISG Book Industry Study Group, the US equivalent of the UK's BIC.   BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for tracking   Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from authors, often on the  .Formats Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below): EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings.Embed the font or save the text as 'graphics'.TIFF (or JPG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.TIFF (or JPG): Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.

TIFF (or JPG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.Please do not: • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low.• Supply files that are too low in resolution.

• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.Color artwork Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution.If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color online (e., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version.

For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article.Please indicate your preference for color: in print or online only.Further information on the preparation of electronic artwork.Figure captions Ensure that each illustration has a caption.A caption should comprise a brief title ( not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration.

Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.Tables Please submit tables as editable text and not as images.Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end.Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.References Data references This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List.Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier.Add dataset immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference.The dataset identifier will not appear in your published article.

Reference management software Most Elsevier journals have their reference template available in many of the most popular reference management software products.These include all products that support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley and Zotero, as well as EndNote.Using the word processor plug-ins from these products, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the journal's style.If no template is yet available for this journal, please follow the format of the sample references and citations as shown in this Guide.

If you use reference management software, please ensure that you remove all field codes before submitting the electronic manuscript.

More information on how to remove field codes.Users of Mendeley Desktop can easily install the reference style for this journal by clicking the following link: Reference formatting There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission.References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent.Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present.The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage.Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct.If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to the following examples: Reference Style 1.Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication; 2.Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al.Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically).Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically.Examples: "as demonstrated (Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1995).

" List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary.

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More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc.Examples: Reference to a journal publication: Van der Geer, J.The art of writing a scientific article 20 Oct 2015 - Well, to a certain extent that is true: admissions tutors want to get a picture of   you develop your communication, time-management and computer skills.   blankly at your computer screen, take a pen and paper and make a   improve their career prospects · Ways of saying 'darling' in the UK   Editor picks..The art of writing a scientific article.

Journal of Scientific Communication, 163, 51–59.Reference to a book: Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam, G .

Reference to a book: Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam, G.

How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B .

How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.

Please ensure that references are complete, i.that they include, where relevant, author's name, article or book title, volume and issue number, publisher and location, date and page reference.It is important that your paper is set in the context of current research, and you should show that the work is original.Therefore a significant proportion of the citations (typically at least a third) should be refereed papers published in the last five years.But please do include citations of seminal papers from the past, which form the foundations of the subject.

Web pages are not refereed publications and so citations of them should be used sparingly.

Video Elsevier accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research.Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article.This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the video or animation content and noting in the body text where it should be placed.All submitted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate to the video file's content.In order to ensure that your video or animation material is directly usable, please provide the file in one of our recommended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 150 MB per file, 1 GB in total.Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect.Please supply 'stills' with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image.These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your video data.For more detailed instructions please visit our video instruction pages.

Note: since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.AudioSlides The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article.AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect.This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about.More information and examples are available.

Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.Data visualization Include interactive data visualizations in your publication and let your readers interact and engage more closely with your research.Follow the instructions here to find out about available data visualization options and how to include them with your article.Supplementary material Supplementary material such as applications, images and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it.Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received (Excel or PowerPoint files will appear as such online).

Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file.If you wish to make changes to supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure to provide an updated file.Do not annotate any corrections on a previous version.Please switch off the 'Track Changes' option in Microsoft Office files as these will appear in the published version.Research data This journal encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles.

Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings.To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages you to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project.Below are a number of ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript.If you are sharing data in one of these ways, you are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript and reference list.Please refer to the "References" section for more information about data citation.

For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the research data page.Data linking If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset.Elsevier collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that gives them a better understanding of the research described.There are different ways to link your datasets to your article.When available, you can directly link your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the submission system.

For more information, visit the database linking page.For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect.In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.

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, TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN).

Mendeley Data This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository.During the submission process, after uploading your manuscript, you will have the opportunity to upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data A Z Glossary of Book Publishing terms HarperCollins UK.During the submission process, after uploading your manuscript, you will have the opportunity to upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data.

The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online.Data in Brief You have the option of converting any or all parts of your supplementary or additional raw data into one or multiple data articles, a new kind of article that houses and describes your data.Data articles ensure that your data is actively reviewed, curated, formatted, indexed, given a DOI and publicly available to all upon publication Do my custom it management term paper American Business 128 pages / 35200 words US Letter Size.

Data articles ensure that your data is actively reviewed, curated, formatted, indexed, given a DOI and publicly available to all upon publication.

You are encouraged to submit your article for Data in Brief as an additional item directly alongside the revised version of your manuscript.If your research article is accepted, your data article will automatically be transferred over to Data in Brief where it will be editorially reviewed and published in the open access data journal, Data in Brief.Please note an open access fee of 500 USD is payable for publication in Data in Brief.Full details can be found on the Data in Brief website.

Please use this template to write your Data in Brief.

Data statement To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in your submission.This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution.If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is confidential.The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect.For more information, visit the Data Statement page.

Additional Information Please choose at least two classifications from the following lists, as appropriate.This will assist the editor in choosing referees, as well as helping with cataloguing.General Implementing Strategy through Programmes of Projects; Managing Programmes; Project Portfolio Management; The Project Office; Managing Projects; Project Success and Strategy; Managing Integration; Project Management Procedures Project Management Information Systems; e-PM; Audits and Health Checks.External Implementation Benefits Management; Requirements Management; Managing Scope - Functionality and Value; Value Management; Managing Scope - Configuration; Managing Scope - Work; Managing Organisation - Structure and Responsibilities; Managing Quality; Managing Cost; Earned Value; Managing Time; Network Analysis and PERT; Theory of Constraints/Critical Chain; Neural Networks; Managing Resources; Managing Risk; Fuzzy sets; Managing Health and Safety.Life-cycle Managing the Process - Life-cycle; Managing Project Start-up; Managing Proposal, Definition and Feasibility; Managing Design, Planning and Appraisal; Managing Implementation; Managing Commissioning, Testing and Close-out.

Commercial Contractual Contract Organization/Forms of Contract; Managing Partnerships and Alliances; PPP/PFI; BOOT/BOT/DBMF etc; Contract Procurement and Tendering (Clients); Bidding (Contractors); Contract Administration; Managing Materials, Purchasing and Supply; Managing Claims; Managing International Projects.People Developing Individual Competence; Developing Organizational Maturity and/or Capability; Knowledge Management; Managing Teams; Managing Individuals - Development, Motivation and Reward; Leadership; Managing Stakeholders; Managing Conflict and Negotiation; Managing Culture; Gender; Managing Ethics; Decision Making; AHP.General Management Managing Human Resources; Managing Operations; Managing Financial Resources; Managing Markets; Managing Information Systems; Managing Strategy; Managing Innovation; Managing Change.Industry and Sector Specific Engineering and Construction; Manufacturing and Process Industries; Information Technology, Computers and Electronics; Communications; Infrastructure: Energy, Transport, Utilities and Health; Defences; Services, Financial and Leisure; Government; Voluntary Sector.Geography Europe; CIS; Middle East; Africa, sub-Sahara; Indian subcontinent; Far East; Australasia and Pacific; North America; Latin America.

Methodology Theory of research into project management; Systems modelling; Analytical hierarchical programming; Decision Support Matrix; Fuzzy analysis; Statistical analysis; Structural equation modelling.Online proof correction Corresponding authors will receive an e-mail with a link to our online proofing system, allowing annotation and correction of proofs online.The environment is similar to MS Word: in addition to editing text, you can also comment on figures/tables and answer questions from the Copy Editor.Web-based proofing provides a faster and less error-prone process by allowing you to directly type your corrections, eliminating the potential introduction of errors.If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and upload your edits on the PDF version.

All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods to the online version and PDF.We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately.Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures.Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor.It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication.

Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed.Proofreading is solely your responsibility.Offprints The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail (the PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use).For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication.Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's WebShop.

Authors requiring printed copies of multiple articles may use Elsevier WebShop's 'Create Your Own Book' service to collate multiple articles within a single cover.Visit the Elsevier Support Center to find the answers you need.Here you will find everything from Frequently Asked Questions to ways to get in touch.